Family Species Common name CC   H   C   P1   P2   B   M   R   A   G   O   F   USFW Code Habit
 
Please refer to footnotes for an explanation of the codes.
 
Aceraceae Acer negundo L. Box elder 33222222 FAC+ W-TREE
Acer platanoides L. Norway maple * 033 UPL W-TREE
Acer pseudoplatanus L. Sycamore maple * 01 W-TREE
Acer rubrum L. Red maple 2222222223 FACW W-TREE
Acer saccharinum L. Silver maple ^ 31 FACW W-TREE
Acer saccharum Marshall Sugar maple 623 FACU W-TREE
 
Amaranthaceae Amaranthus hybridus L. Pigweed 02 A-HERB
Amaranthus powellii S.Watson   Amaranth 02 A-HERB
 
Anacardiaceae Rhus glabra L. Smooth sumac 2222 W-SHRUB
Rhus typhina L. Staghorn sumac 2222221 W-SHRUB
Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze Poison ivy ^ 122222223 FAC H-VINE
 
Apicaeae Aegopodium podagraria L. Goutweed * 01 FACU P-HERB
Daucus carota L. Queen Anne's lace 03223223323 B-HERB
Osmorhiza claytonii (Michx.) C.B.Clarke Sweet cicely 52223 FACU- P-HERB
Osmorhiza longistylis (Torr.) DC. Aniseroot ^ 51 FACU P-HERB
Pastinaca sativa L. Wild parsnip * 021122 P-HERB
Sanicula marilandica L. Black snakeroot 51 UPL P-HERB
Taenidia integerrima (L.) Drude Yellow-pimpernel 61 P-HERB
Zizia aptera (A.Gray) Fernald Golden Alexanders 1 FAC P-HERB
 
Apocynaceae Apocynum cannabinum L. Indian-hemp 3322222 FACU P-HERB
 
Araliaceae Aralia nudicaulis L. Wild sarsaparilla 522 FACU P-HERB
Aralia racemosa L. Spikenard ^ 81 P-HERB
Panax quinquifolius L. Ginseng 8 P-HERB
 
Asclepiadaceae Asclepias quadrifolia Jacq. Four-leaved milkweed ^ 71 P-HERB
Asclepias syriaca L. Common milkweed 03122332 FACU- P-HERB
Asclepias tuberosa L. Butterfly-weed 61 P-HERB
 
Asteraceae Achillea millefolium L. Yarrow 02222222 FACU P-HERB
Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. Common ragweed 04222222 FACU P-HERB
Antennaria neglecta Greene Everlasting 22 UPL P-HERB
Anthemis arvensis L. Corn chamomile 02 P-HERB
Arctium minus(Hill) Bernh. Burdock 03232323332 FACU- B-HERB
Artemisia vulgaris L. Common mugwort 01 UPL P-HERB
Aster cordifolius L. Blue wood aster 51 P-HERB
Aster divaricatus L. White wood aster 52 P-HERB
Aster laevis L. Smooth blue aster 61 UPL P-HERB
Aster lateriflorus (L.) Britton. Calico aster 222 FACW- P-HERB
Aster pilosus Willd. White aster 122222222 UPL P-HERB
Aster praealtus Poir. Veiny-leaved aster 71 FACW P-HERB
Aster prenanthoides Muhl. Zig-zag aster 31 FAC P-HERB
Aster umbellatus Mill. Flat-topped white aster 21 FACW P-HERB
Cacalia atriplicifolia L. Pale Indian-plantain ^ 71 P-HERB
Carduus acanthoides L. Thistle 02222222232 P-HERB
Carduus nutans L. Musk thistle * 01 P-HERB
Centaurea maculosa Lam. Spotted knapweed 02221122 B-HERB
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L. Oxeye daisy 03222323322 P-HERB
Cichorium intybus L. Blue chicory 0222223 P-HERB
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Canada thistle * 03232222 FACU P-HERB
Cirsium discolor (Muhl.) Spreng. Field thistle 61 UPL P-HERB
Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Bull thistle * 0222222222 FACU- P-HERB
Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist Horseweed 02222 UPL A-HERB
Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf. Fireweed 321 FACU A-HERB
Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers. Daisy fleabane 13222223323 FACU A-HERB
Erigeron philadelphicus L. Daisy fleabane 21 FACU P-HERB
Erigeron pulchellus Michx. Robin's-plantain 611FACU P-HERB
Erigeron strigosus Muhl. Fleabane 1 11FACU+ B-HERB
Eupatorium fistulosum Barratt Joe-pye-weed 51 FACW P-HERB
Eupatorium perfoliatum L. Boneset ^ 31 FACW+ P-HERB
Eupatorium purpureum L. Joe-pye-weed 712 FAC P-HERB
Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. White-snakeroot 422 P-HERB
Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt. Grass-leaved goldenrod 22222 FAC P-HERB
Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz & Pav. Quickweed 01 A-HERB
Helianthus decapetalus L. Thin-leaved sunflower 422 FACU P-HERB
Helianthus strumosus L. Rough-leaved sunflower 51 P-HERB
Hieracium caespitosum Dumort. Yellow hawkweed 02232 P-HERB
Lactuca biennis (Moench) Fernald Blue lettuce 11 FACU B-HERB
Lactuca canadensis L. Wild lettuce 2212 FACU B-HERB
Lactuca serriola L. Prickly lettuce 023 FAC- A-HERB
Matricaria matricarioides (Less.) Porter Pineapple-weed 02 A-HERB
Rudbeckia triloba L. Three-lobed coneflower 62 FACU P-HERB
Silphium trifoliatum L. Whorled rosinweed 82 P-HERB
Solidago altissima L. Late goldenrod 12 P-HERB
Solidago bicolor L. Silver-rod 412 P-HERB
Solidago caesia L. Blue-stemmed goldenrod 522112 FACU P-HERB
Solidago canadensis L. Canada goldenrod 122222 FACU P-HERB
Solidago juncea Aiton Early goldenrod 222222 P-HERB
Solidago nemoralis Aiton Gray goldenrod 32 P-HERB
Solidago rugosa Mill. Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod 322 FAC P-HERB
Sonchus asper (L.) Hill Spiny-leaved sow-thistle 022 FAC A-HERB
Taraxacum officinale Weber Dandelion 02112222212 FACU- B-HERB
Tragopogon dubius Scop. Yellow goatsbeard 02223 B-HERB
Tussilago farfara L. Coltsfoot 0222 FACU P-HERB
Xanthium strumarium L. Common cocklebur 01 FAC A-HERB
 
Balsaminaceae Impatiens capensis Meerb. Jewelweed 2 22222222 FACW A-HERB
Impatiens pallida Nutt. Pale jewelweed 32 FACW A-HERB
 
Berberidaceae Berberis thunbergii DC. European barberry * 02222223222 W-SHRUB
Podophyllum peltatum L. Mayapple 512 P-HERB
 
Betulaceae Carpinus caroliniana Walter Hornbeam/ Blue-beech 422 FAC W-TREE
Corylus americana Walter Hazelnut 5212 FACU- W-SHRUB
Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K.Koch Hop-hornbeam 522 FACU- W-TREE
 
Bignoniaceae Catalpa speciosa Warder Cigar tree 01 FAC W-TREE
 
Boraginaceae Echium vulgare L. Viper's bugloss 01 B-HERB
Hackelia virginiana (L.) I.M.Johnst. Beggar's-lice 22222 FACU B-HERB
 
Brassicaceae Alliara petiolata (M.Bieb.) Cavara & Grande Garlic mustard * 022322332232 FACU- A-HERB
Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Mouse-ear cress 02 A-HERB
Barbarea vulgaris (L.) R.Br. Yellow rocket 02 FACU B-HERB
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Shepherd's-purse 01 FACU A-HERB
Cardamine hirsuta L. Hairy bittercress 02 FACU A-HERB
Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb Herb-Sophia 02 A-HERB
Erysimum cheiranthoides L. Wormseed-mustard 02221 FAC P-HERB
Hesperis matronalis L. Dame's rocket * 022122221 FACU- B-HERB
Lepidium campstre (L.) R.Br. Fieldcress 032223 A-HERB
Lepidium virginicum L. Pepper-grass 122222 FACU- A-HERB
Sinapis arvensis L. Charlock 02 A-HERB
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. Hedge mustard 01222 A-HERB
Thlaspi arvense L. Field pennycress 01 UPL A-HERB
 
Campanulaceae Campanula americana L. Tall bellflower 41 FACU A-HERB
Lobelia inflata L. Indian-tobacco 11212 FACU A-HERB
Lobelia spicata Lam. Spiked lobelia 611 FAC- P-HERB
 
Caprifoliaceae Lonicera dioica L. Mountain honeysuckle 522 FACU W-VINE
Lonicera japonica Thunb. Japanese honeysuckle * 01 FAC- W-VINE
Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Maxim. Amur honeysuckle * 02232 W-SHRUB
Lonicera morrowii A.Gray Morrow's honeysuckle * 023223222232 FACU W-SHRUB
Sambucus canadensis L. Elderberry 31221 FACW- W-SHRUB
Viburnum acerifolium L. Maple-leaved viburnum 622 UPL W-SHRUB
Viburnum dentatum L. Southern arrow-wood 212 FAC W-SHRUB
Viburnum dilatatum Thunb. Linden viburnum 2222 W-SHRUB
Viburnum lantana L. Wayfaring-tree 02 W-SHRUB
Viburnum lentago L. Nannyberry 62 FAC W-SHRUB
Viburnum opulus L. Guelder-rose * 022 W-SHRUB
Viburnum prunifolium L. Black-haw 51 FACU W-SHRUB
Viburnum sieboldii Miq. Siebold viburnum 01 W-SHRUB
 
Caryophyllaceae Agrostemma githago L. Corn cockle 01 A-HERB
Cerastium fontanum Baumg. Common mouse-ear chickweed 012 FACU- P-HERB
Dianthus armeria L. Deptford-pink 0211221 UPL A-HERB
Saponaria officinalis L. Bouncing-bet 01 FACU- P-HERB
Silene latifolia Poir. White campion 02122 A-HERB
Silene stellata (L.) W.T.Aiton Starry campion 61 P-HERB
Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke Bladder campion 022 P-HERB
Stellaria longifolia Muhl. Long-leaved stitchwort 522 FACW P-HERB
Stellaria media (L.) Vill. Common chickweed 0323 UPL A-HERB
 
Celastraceae Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Oriental bittersweet * 03224 UPL W-VINE
Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Siebold Burning-bush * 023 W-SHRUB
Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz. Wintercreeper 01 W-VINE
 
Chenopodiaceae Atriplex patula L. Spreading orach 01 FACW A-HERB
Chenopodium album L. Lamb's quarters 0222 FACU+ A-HERB
 
Clusiaceae Hypericum perforatum L. St. John's wort 0212122 P-HERB
 
Convolvulaceae Convolvulus arvensis L. Field bindweed 022 H-VINE
Ipomea pandurata (L.) G.Mey. Morning glory 311 FACU H-VINE
 
Cornaceae Cornus amomum Mill. Red willow 211 FACW W-SHRUB
Cornus florida L. Flowering dogwood 523 FACU- W-SHRUB
Cornus racemosa Lam. Gray-stemmed dogwood 2222212 FAC- W-SHRUB
 
Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita pepo L. Squash ^ 01 H-VINE
 
Cupressaceae Thuja occidentalis L. Northern white-cedar 01 FACW W-TREE
Juniperus virginiana L. Eastern red-cedar 311 FACU W-TREE
 
Cyperaceae Carex blanda Dewey Sedge 32112 FAC P-SDG
Carex cephalophora Willd. Sedge 5211 FACU P-SDG
Carex debilis Michx. Sedge 81 FAC P-SDG
Carex digitalis Willd. Sedge 4111 UPL P-SDG
Carex intumescens Rudge Sedge 51 FACW+ P-SDG
Carex laxiculmis Schwein Sedge 32 P-SDG
Carex normalis Mack. Sedge 422 FACU P-SDG
Carex pensylvanica Lam. Penn's sedge 3322223 P-SDG
Carex retroflexa Schkuhr Sedge 82 P-SDG
Carex rosea Willd. Sedge 321 P-SDG
Carex scoparia Schkuhr Broom sedge 41 FACW P-SDG
Carex swanii (Fernald) Mack. Sedge 42 FACU P-SDG
Carex vulpinoidea Michx. Sedge 3211 OBL P-SDG
Carex willdenovii Schkuhr Sedge 71 UPL P-SDG
Cyperus esculentus L. Yellow nutsedge 22 FACW P-SDG
 
Dipsacaceae Dipsacus sylvestris Huds. Common teasel 022 FACU- B-HERB
 
Eleagnaceae Eleagnus umbellata Thunb. Autumn olive * 02122321 W-SHRUB
 
Ericaceae Gaultheria procumbens L. Wintergreen 5323 FACU W-SHRUB
Rhododendron periclymenoides (Michx.) Shinners Pinxter-flower 1 FAC W-SHRUB
Vaccinium pallidum Aiton Lowbush blueberry 61 W-SHRUB
Vaccinium stamineum L. Deerberry 72 FACU W-SHRUB
 
Euphorbiaceae Acalypha rhomboidea Raf. Three-seeded mercury 022222 A-HERB
Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small Spotted spurge 022 A-HERB
Euphorbia corollata L. Flowering spurge 41 P-HERB
 
Fabaceae Amphicarpa bracteata (L.) Fernald Hog-peanut 522112 FAC A-HERB
Coronilla varia L. Crown vetch 0322232332 P-HERB
Desmodium glutinosum (Muhl.) A.W.Wood Tick-trefoil 53223 P-HERB
Desmodium nudiflorum (L.) DC. Tick-trefoil 5212 P-HERB
Desmodium paniculatum (L.) DC. Tick-trefoil 412 UPL P-HERB
Lathyrus latifolius L. Perennial sweetpea 01 P-HERB
Lotus corniculatus L. Bird's-foot trefoil 0322222323 FACU- P-HERB
Medicago lupulina L. Black medic 0222222222 A-HERB
Medicago sativa L. Alfalfa 023 P-HERB
Melilotus alba Medik. White sweet clover 032222223 FACU B-HERB
Melilotus officinalis L. Yellow sweet clover 0112 FACU B-HERB
Robinia pseudoacacia L. Black locust 01 FACU- W-TREE
Trifolium pratense L. Red clover 0322233222 FACU- P-HERB
Trifolium repens L. White clover 03222323222 FACU- P-HERB
Vicia sativa L. Common vetch 01 FACU- A-HERB
Vicia villosa Roth Winter vetch 022 A-HERB
 
Fagaceae Quercus alba L. White oak 722223333 FACU W-TREE
Quercus coccinea Munchh. Scarlet oak 6212 W-TREE
Quercus ilicifoila Wangenh. Scrub oak 11 W-TREE
Quercus montana Willd. Chestnut oak 61 UPL W-TREE
Quercus rubra L. Red oak 7222223 FACU- W-TREE
Quercus velutina Lam. Black oak 712111122 W-TREE
 
Geraniaceae Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Her. Red-stem filaree 02 A-HERB
Geranium maculatum L. Wild geranium 43123 FACU P-HERB
Geranium sibiricum L. Siberian cranesbill 0122222 A-HERB
 
Grossulariaceae Ribes americanum Mill. Wild black currant 611 FACW W-SHRUB
 
Hamamelidaceae Hamamelis virginiana L. Witch-hazel 51 FAC- W-SHRUB
 
Iridaceae Sisyrinchium montanum Greene Blue-eyed-grass 411 FAC P-HERB
 
Juglandaceae Carya glabra (Mill.) Sweet Pignut hickory 522221222 FACU- W-TREE
Carya ovata (Mill.) K.Koch Shagbark hickory ^ 61 FACU W-TREE
Carya tomentosa (Lam.) Nutt. Mockernut hickory 61222 W-TREE
Juglans nigra L. Black walnut 522222 FACU W-TREE
 
Juncaceae Juncus tenuis Willd. Path rush 1222222 FAC- P-HERB
Luzula echinata (Small) F.J.Herm. Common woodrush 41 FACU P-HERB
Luzula multiflora (Ehrh.) Lej. Field woodrush 511 FACU P-HERB
 
Lamiaceae Clinopodium vulgare L. Wild basil 3222212 P-HERB
Glecoma hederacea L. Ground ivy 02 FACU P-HERB
Lamium purpureum L. Purple dead-nettle 02 A-HERB
Leonurus cardiaca L. Common motherwort 01122 P-HERB
Monarda fistulosa L. Wild bergamot 5212 UPL P-HERB
Nepeta cataria L. Catnip 0222222222 FACU P-HERB
Prunella vulgaris L. Heal-all 0221222 FACU+ P-HERB
Pycnanthemum muticum (Michx.) Pers. Mountain-mint ^ 81 FACW P-HERB
 
Lauraceae Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees Sassafras 422222 FACU- W-TREE
 
Liliaceae Allium cernuum Roth Nodding onion 52222 P-HERB
Allium vineale L. Field onion 0222 FACU- P-HERB
Chamaelirium luteum (L.) A.Gray Devil's-bit ^ 81 FAC P-HERB
Convallaria majalis L. Lily-of-the-valley 022 P-HERB
Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. Orange day-lily 022 UPL P-HERB
Lilium canadense L. Canada lily 51 FAC+ P-HERB
Maianthemum canadense Desf. Canada mayflower 72 FAC- P-HERB
Melanthium latifolium Desr. Bunchflower 12 FACU P-HERB
Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliot Solomon's-seal 52 FACU P-HERB
Smilacina racemosa (L.) Desf. False Solomon's seal 5323 P-HERB
Uvularia perfoliata L. Merrybells 5213 FACU P-HERB
 
Lycopodiaceae Lycopodium obscurum L. Flat-branched ground-pine 52 FACU P-HERB
 
Malvaceae Abutilon theophrastii Medik. Velvet-leaf 0221 UPL A-HERB
Malva moschata L. Musk-mallow 021 UPL P-HERB
Malva neglecta Wallr. Common mallow 0222 B-HERB
 
Monotropaceae Monotropa uniflora L. Indian-pipe 5222 FACU- P-HERB
 
Moraceae Morus rubra L. Mulberry 631 FACU W-TREE
 
Oleaceae Fraxinus americana L. White ash 4113 FACU W-TREE
Ligustrum vulgare L. Privet * 03322344333 FACU W-SHRUB
 
Onagraceae Circaea lutetiana L. Enchanter's nightshade 32222 FACU P-HERB
Epilobium coloratum Biehler Purple-leaved willow-herb 2111 FACW+ P-HERB
Oenothera biennis L. Evening-primrose 22222222 FACU- B-HERB
Oenothera nutans G.F.Atk. & Bartlett Evening-primrose 1 B-HERB
 
Ophioglossaceae Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw. Rattlesnake fern 51 FACU P-FERN
 
Orchidaceae Cypripedium acaule Aiton Pink lady's-slipper 102 FACU- P-HERB
Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz Bastard hellebore 011 UPL P-HERB
Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R.Br. Downy rattlesnake-plantain ^   61 FACU- P-HERB
Platanthera orbiculata (Pursh) Lindl. Large round-leaved orchid 72 FAC P-HERB
 
Orobanchaceae Orobanche uniflora L. Cancer-root ^ 71 FACU P-HERB
 
Osmundaceae Osmunda claytoniana L. Interrupted fern 61 FACU- P-FERN
 
Oxalidaceae Oxalis stricta L. Common yellow wood-sorrel 0233233 UPL P-HERB
 
Papaveraceae Chelidonium majus L. Greater celandine 022222 UPL B-HERB
Sanguinaria canadensis L. Bloodroot ^ 51 UPL P-HERB
 
Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca americana L. Pokeweed 222222322 FACU+ P-HERB
 
Pinaceae Abies concolor (Gordon & Glendinn.) Hildebr. White fir 01 W-TREE
Picea abies (L.) H.Karst. Norway spruce ^ 022 W-TREE
Pinus banksiana Lamb. Jack pine ^ 1 FACU W-TREE
Pinus resinosa Aiton Red pine ^ 222 FACU W-TREE
Pinus rigida Mill. Pitch pine ?1 FACU W-TREE
Pinus strobus L. White pine 63222223 FACU W-TREE
Pinus sylvestris L. Scotch pine 024 W-TREE
Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carriere Eastern hemlock 822 FACU W-TREE
 
Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata L. English plantain 03222313323 UPL P-HERB
Plantago major L. Plantain 03222223323 FACU P-HERB
 
Platanacaeae Platanus occidentalis L. Sycamore 71 FACW- W-TREE
 
Poaceae Agrostis gigantea Roth Redtop 022222 FACW- P-GRS
Agrostis stolonifera L. Creeping bentgrass 02 FACW P-GRS
Andropogon virginicus L. Broom-sedge 31 FACU P-GRS
Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) P.Beauv. Tall oatgrass 0222 FACU P-GRS
Avena sativa L. Oats 02 A-GRS
Bromus inermis Leyss. Smooth brome 032222422 P-GRS
Bromus japonicus Thunb. Japanese chess 031223 FACU- A-GRS
Bromus pubescens Muhl. Canada brome 41 P-GRS
Bromus racemosus L. Soft chess 02 A-GRS
Bromus tectorum L. Downy chess/ Cheatgrass* 02 A-GRS
Dactylis glomerata L. Orchard grass 032223223423 FACU P-GRS
Danthonia spicata (L.) P.Beauv. Wild oat grass 3112 P-GRS
Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) P.Beauv. Barnyard-grass 021 FACU A-GRS
Elymus canadensis L. Canada wild-rye 31 FACW+ P-GRS
Elymus hystrix L. Bottlebrush-grass 521 P-GRS
Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. Quack grass 02222342 P-GRS
Festuca elatior L. Fescue 02222232 FACU- P-GRS
Festuca obtusa Biehler Nodding fescue 51 FACU P-GRS
Festuca pratensis Huds. Meadow fescue 022 FACU- P-GRS
Hordeum vulgare L. Barley 02 A-GRS
Muhlenbergia schreberi J.F.Gmel. Dropseed 111 FAC P-GRS
Panicum acuminatum Sw. Panic grass 2222 P-GRS
Panicum clandestinum L. Broad-leaved panic grass 322 FAC+ P-GRS
Panicum commutatum Schult. Panic grass 51 FACU+ P-GRS
Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx. Smooth panic grass 11 FACW- P-GRS
Panicum linearifolium Scribn. Panic grass 422 P-GRS
Panicum virgatum L. Switch grass 41 FAC P-GRS
Phalaris arundinacea L. Reed-canary grass * 022 FACW P-GRS
Phleum pratense L. Timothy grass 0322323423 FACU A-GRS
Poa compressa L. Canada bluegrass 022222 FACU P-GRS
Poa nemoralis L. Wood bluegrass 02 FAC P-GRS
Poa pratensis L. Kentucky bluegrass 0332242 FACU P-GRS
Poa trivialis L. Rough bluegrass 01 FACW P-GRS
Secale cereale L. Rye 02 A-GRS
Setaria faberi Herrm. Giant foxtail 02 UPL A-GRS
Setaria viridis (L.) P.Beauv. Green foxtail 0222 A-GRS
Zea mays L. Field corn ^ 02 A-GRS
 
Polygonaceae Polygonum aviculare L. Knotweed 01 FACU A-HERB
Polygonum convolvulus L. Black bindweed 01 FACU P-HERB
Polygonum lapathifolium L. Willow-weed 122 FACW+ A-HERB
Polygonum persicaria L. Lady's thumb 0322212 FACW A-HERB
Polygonum virginianum L. Jumpseed 42 FAC P-HERB
Rumex acetosella L. Sheep sorrel 02 UPL P-HERB
Rumex crispus L. Curly dock 0321222222 FACU P-HERB
 
Polypodiaceae Adiantum pedatum L. Maidenhair fern 62 FAC- P-FERN
Asplenium platyneuron (L.) B.S.P. Ebony spleenwort 522 FACU P-FERN
Asplenium rhizophyllum L. Walking fern 81 P-FERN
Cystopteris tenuis (Michx.) Desv. Fragile fern 2 P-FERN
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michx.) T.Moore Hay-scented fern 522 UPL P-FERN
Dryopteris intermedia (Muhl.) A.Gray Evergreen wood fern 53221112 FACU P-FERN
Dryopteris marginalis (L.) A.Gray Marginal wood fern 52212 FACU- P-FERN
Onoclea sensibilis L. Sensitive fern 32 FACW P-FERN
Pellaea atropurpurea (L.) Link Purple cliffbrake 1 P-FERN
Polypodium virginianum L. Common polypody 71 P-FERN
Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott Christmas fern 4232 FACU- P-FERN
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn Northern bracken fern 32 FACU P-FERN
 
Pyrolaceae Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh Spotted wintergreen 7212 P-HERB
Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W.Bartram Pipsissewa 912 P-HERB
Pyrola americana Sweet Wild lily-of-the-valley 722 FAC P-HERB
Pyrola elliptica Nutt. Shinleaf 633 UPL P-HERB
 
Ranunculaceae Actaea pachypoda Elliot Doll's eyes 722 UPL P-HERB
Anemone quinquefolia L. Wood anemone ^ 52 FACU P-HERB
Anemone virginiana L. Thimbleweed 32221322 FACU P-HERB
Aquilegia canadensis L. Columbine 521 FAC P-HERB
Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. Black cohosh 82 P-HERB
Hepatica nobilis Mill. Hepatica 522 P-HERB
Ranunculus abortivus L. Small flowered crowfoot 4212 FACW- A-HERB
Ranunculus acris L. Buttercup 02222322 FAC+ P-HERB
Ranunculus hispidus Michx. Hairy buttercup 52 FAC P-HERB
Ranunculus repens L. Creeping buttercup 022 FAC P-HERB
Thalictrum dioicum L. Early meadow-rue 6222 FAC P-HERB
Thalictrum thalictroides (L.) A.J.Eames & B. Boivin Rue anemone 6212 FACU- P-HERB
 
Rhamnaceae Ceanothus americanus L. New Jersey tea 611 W-SHRUB
Rhamnus cathartica L. Common buckthorn * 03322323232 W-TREE
 
Rosaceae Agrimonia gryposepala Wallr. Agrimony 32222 P-HERB
Amelanchier arborea (F.Michx.) Fernald Service berry 51 FAC- W-SHRUB
Crataegus monogyna Jacq. English hawthorn 01 W-SHRUB
Crataegus holmesiana Red-fruited hawthorn 41 W-TREE
Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke Indian strawberry 022222 FACU- P-HERB
Fragaria virginiana Mill. Wild strawberry 231221 FACU P-HERB
Geum aleppicum Jacq. Yellow avens 312 FAC P-HERB
Geum canadense Jacq. White avens 233232233 FACU+ P-HERB
Malus prunifolia (Willd.) Borkh. Chinese crabapple 02 W-TREE
Malus pumila Mill. Apple 02 W-TREE
Porteranthus trifoliatus (L.) Britton Mountain Indian-physic 82 P-HERB
Potentilla norvegica L. Three-leaf cinquefoil 12222 FACU A-HERB
Potentilla recta L. Sulfur cinquefoil 02222221 P-HERB
Potentilla simplex Michx. Old-field cinquefoil 11 FACU- P-HERB
Prunus avium (L.) L. Sweet cherry 02 W-TREE
Prunus cerasus L. Sour cherry 01 W-TREE
Prunus serotina Ehrh. Wild black cherry 3322323333 FACU W-TREE
Rhodotypos scandens (Thunb.) Makino Jetbead 01 W-SHRUB
Rosa carolina L. Pasture rose 5222 UPL W-SHRUB
Rosa multiflora Thunb. Multiflora rose * 03222322332 FACU W-SHRUB
Rubus allegheniensis Porter Common blackberry 122 FACU- W-SHRUB
Rubus flagellaris Willd. Prickly dewberry 2121 FACU W-SHRUB
Rubus occidentalis L. Black raspberry 13222223 W-SHRUB
Rubus pensilvanicus Poir. Blackberry 2122 W-SHRUB
Rubus pubescens Raf. Dwarf raspberry 6222 FACW W-SHRUB
 
Rubiaceae Galium aparine L. Cleavers 2233 FACU A-HERB
Galium boreale L. Northern bedstraw 812 FACU P-HERB
Galium circaezans Michx. Bedstraw 5212 UPL P-HERB
Galium mollugo L. White bedstraw 022 P-HERB
Galium triflorum Michx. Bedstraw 5223 FACU P-HERB
Mitchella repens L. Partridge berry 523 FACU P-HERB
 
Salicaceae Populus grandidentata Michx. Bigtooth aspen 2222222 FACU- W-TREE
Populus x jackii Sarg. Balm-of-Gilead 02 W-TREE
Populus tremuloides Michx. Quaking aspen 2222 W-TREE
 
Saxifragaceae Mitella diphylla L. Bishop's cap 72 FACU P-HERB
Saxifraga virginiensis Michx. Early saxifrage 82 FAC- P-HERB
 
Scrophulariaceae Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell Downy false foxglove 91 P-HERB
Linaria vulgaris Hill Butter-and-eggs 022233 P-HERB
Melampyrum lineare Desr. Cow-wheat 92 FACU A-HERB
Penstemon hirsutus (L.) Willd. Northeastern beardtongue ^ 61 P-HERB
Verbascum blattaria L. Moth mullein 022 UPL B-HERB
Verbascum thapsus L. Common mullein 022122222 B-HERB
Veronica arvensis L. Corn speedwell 03 A-HERB
Veronica officinalis L. Common speedwell 0322323 FACU- P-HERB
Veronica peregrina L. Neckweed 03 FACU- A-HERB
Veronica persica Poir. Bird's-eye speedwell 03 A-HERB
Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farw. Culver's root 92 FACU P-HERB
 
Smilacaceae Smilax herbacea L. Carrion flower 4222 FAC W-VINE
 
Solanaceae Physalis heterophylla Nees Clammy ground-cherry 22 P-HERB
Solanum americanum Mill. Black nightshade 1212 FACU- P-HERB
Solanum carolinense L. Horse-nettle 01 UPL P-HERB
Solanum dulcamara L. Nightshade 0322222222 FACU P-HERB
Solanum tuberosum L. Potato 01 P-HERB
 
Taxaceae Taxus cuspidata Siebold & Zucc. Japanese yew 01 W-SHRUB
 
Tiliaceae Tilia americana L. Basswood 61 FACU W-TREE
 
Ulmaceae Celtis occidentalis L. Hackberry 61123 FACU W-TREE
Ulmus americana L. American elm 13222 FACW- W-TREE
Ulmus rubra Muhl. Red elm, Slippery elm 2111 FAC- W-TREE
Ulmus procera Salisb. English elm 02 W-TREE
 
Urticaceae Parietaria pensylvanica Muhl. Pellitory 62 A-HERB
Pilea pumila (L.) A.Gray Clearweed 4222 FACW A-HERB
Urtica dioica L. Stinging nettle ^ 1322222 FACU P-HERB
 
Verbenaceae Phryma leptostachya L. Lopseed 512 FACU- P-HERB
Verbena urticifolia L. White vervain 42222221 FACU P-HERB
 
Violaceae Viola palmata L. Early blue violet 61 P-HERB
Viola pubescens Aiton Downy yellow violet 52 P-HERB
Viola sagittata var. ovata (Nutt.) Torr. & A.Gray Ovate-leaved violet 61 FACU P-HERB
Viola sororia Willd. Wooly blue violet 2223 FAC P-HERB
 
Vitaceae Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. Virginia creeper 333222232241 FACU W-VINE
Vitis aestivalis Michx. Summer grape 633322233322 FACU W-VINE
Vitis labrusca L. Fox grape 82 FACU W-VINE
 
Family Species Common name   H   C   P1   P2   B   M   R   A   G   O   F   USFW Code Habit
 
Total: Total: Total species: 98 180 122 119 92 104 97 121 73 169 70 
76 402 Native: 36 129 78 63 39 64 59 49 18 122 20 
Exotic: 62 51 44 56 53 40 38 72 55 47 50 
Unknowns:
 
Asteraceae Prenanthes sp. 1 P-HERB
 
Betulaceae Betula sp. (B. lenta ?) Black birch 1 W-TREE
 
Celastraceae Euonymus sp. (E. europaeus ?) European spindletree 1 W-SHRUB
 
Linaceae Linum sp. 1 HERB
 
Rosaceae Amelanchier sanguinea ? Roundleaf Juneberry 1 P-SHRUB
Crataegus sp. (C. crus-galli ?) Cockspur hawthorn 1 FACU W-SHRUB
Crataegus sp. (C. pruinosa ?) Frosted hawthorn 1 W-SHRUB
 
Scrophulariaceae   Linaria sp. 1 P-HERB
 
Grand total: Grand total:
77 410
 
 
* indicates species is designated as invasive by Pennsylvania DCNR (Gresham 2000)
^ indicates species has not been vouchered in this study, either because it was too rare or too difficult to collect
 
FOOTNOTES:
 
CC A coefficient of conservatism is a numerical quality rating from 0 to 10. Weedy species that are adapted to human disturbances like roadsides and old fields are assigned low values, and conservative species that only grow in mature forests (or other high quality natural areas) are assigned high values.
H Horse Paddocks—A mixture of old fields, horse paddocks, and a cornfield.Dominated by nonnative plants.
C Conifer Forest—Diverse, upland, acidic woods that contains seven conifer species and a rich herbaceous flora.
P1 Red Pine Plantation—Large stand of red and white pines with surprisingly diverse mixture of native herbs in the understory.
P2 Scotch Pine Plantation—Young stand of Scotch pine and associated landscape.
B Barrens—Future site of the restored pine barrens. Currently used as pasture. Heavily grazed and dominated by exotic species.
M Mesophytic Forest—Small patch of forest along Big Hollow Road.
R Railroad Bed—Historic Bellefonte Central Railroad bed. Currently maintained by frequent bikers and runners.
A Agricultural Fields—Severely disturbed areas dominated by exotic, weedy plant species. Constitutes a considerable portion of the total area of the arboretum.
G Grassland—Future site of restored native grassland. Currently used as hay fields and dominated by exotic plants.
O Oak Forest—Mature and diverse upland forest with a white oak canopy, a red oak understory, and a rich herbaceous flora.
F Flower Gardens—Future site of the flower gardens. Currently used as a hay field and dominated by exotic plants.
 
USFW Code The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service developed these wetland codes:
 
  OBL = obligate weltand species
  FACW = facultative wetland species
  FAC = facultative species
  FACU = facultative upland species
  UPL = upland species
 
Habit Description of Plant Habits:
 
  W-TREE Woody plant that is large and arboreal when mature.
  W-SHRUB Woody plant the size of a shrub when mature.
  W-VINE Woody plant that trails through and climbs up other vegetation.
  H-VINE Herbaceous plant that trails and winds through other plants.
  A-HERB Annual herbaceous plant that germinates, produces seed, and dies in one year.
  B-HERB Biennial herbaceous plant that forms a rosette the first year and produces fruit the second year.
  P-HERB Perennial herbaceous plant with underground perennating structures that allow it to live for many years.
  A-GRS Annual grass (Poaceae)
  P-GRS Perennial grass (Poaceae)
  P-SDG Perennial sedge (Cyperaceae)
  P-FERN Non-flowering, spore-producing perennial ferns